MÃ¡s informaciÃ³n sobre las cookies
What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored within your browser when you visit almost any website. Its purpose is to remember your visit the next time you browse the website. Although not many people know, cookies have been used for 20 years now, when the first browsers for the World Wide Web appeared.
What a cookie IS NOT
It is not a virus, or a Trojan, or a worm, or spam, or spyware, and it does not open pop-up windows.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank data, photographs, your ID number or personal information, etc. Stored data are often technical, personal preferences, content personalisation, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person but your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not realise that you are the same person, because it is actually associated with the browser and not with the person.
What types of cookies exist?
- Technical cookies: These are the most basic ones and, among other things, they allow one to know whether a human or an automated application is browsing and when an anonymous or registered user is browsing, basic tasks for any dynamic website to work properly.
- Analysis cookies: They gather information about the type of browsing you are carrying out, what sections you use the most, products consulted, time zone of use, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: They show advertising depending on your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookies and third-party cookies?
Own cookies are generated by the page you are visiting and third-party cookies are generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I disable cookies?
We are going to give you some examples to help you understand what happens when you disable cookies:
- You will not be able to share content on this website via Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt content to your personal preferences, which is usually done by online stores.
- You will not be able to access personal areas on the website, such as My account, My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: You will not be able to shop online, you will have to do this by telephone or visit the physical shop if there is one.
- It will not be possible to customise geographical preferences such as your time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visitors and web traffic, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write in the blog, you will not be able to upload photos, post comments, rate or score content. The website will not know if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam, either.
- The website cannot display sectorised advertising, which will reduce its advertising revenue.
Can you delete cookies?
Yes. You can not only delete them, but also block them either generally or exclusively for a specific domain.
To remove a website’s cookies, you must go to your browser settings, search for the ones associated with the domain in question, and proceed to eliminate them.
Cookie settings for the commonest browsers
Below we explain how to access a specific cookie used by the Chrome browser. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences using the File menu or by clicking on the customisation icon in the upper right corner.
- You will see different sections, click on Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
A list with all the cookies sorted by domain will appear. To make it easier for you to find the cookies of a certain domain, enter the partial or full address in the Search for cookies field.
- After applying this filter, one or several lines will appear on the screen with the cookies of the requested website. Now you only have to select the cookie file and click on X to delete it.
To access Internet Explorer cookie settings follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjust the privacy level you want
To access Firefox cookie settings follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences according to your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History, choose Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see the Accept cookies option; you can enable or disable it depending on your preferences.
To access Safari for OSX cookie settings follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the Block cookies option to adjust the type of blocking you want to apply.
To access Safari for iOS cookie settings follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, where you will see the Block cookies option to adjust the type of blocking you want to apply.
To access cookie settings for browsers on Android devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Open the browser and press Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the Accept cookies option where you can check or uncheck the box.
To access cookie settings for browsers on Windows Phone devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on your version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, select More, then Settings.
- Now you can check or uncheck the Allow cookies box.